Did you know that Mount Tambora erupted explosively in 1815? Mount Tambora is a stratovolcano located in Indonesia. The April 10th eruption is the largest in recorded history. The eruption reduced the height of Mount Tambora by 4,750 feet. The ash from the explosion circled the globe and blocked light from the sun, which affected the climate. Temperatures around the world dropped leading to the “year without summer”. There were reports of snow in July and August, and other abnormal storms. Crops and livestock could not grow, leading to famines around the world. These disasters caused many deaths, but also lead to transformations in culture, technology, and population migration.
We hope that you have an explosively good day! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
Smaller eruptions at Mount Tambora started around April 5, 1815. Sounds of the eruption and detonations could be heard more than 200 miles away. The April 10th eruption was heard 1,600 miles away.
The blast, pyroclastic flows, and tsunamis destroyed 35,000 homes and killed about 10,000 islanders immediately. Estimated total casualties from the explosion range from 70,000 to 200,000, when factoring in effects of the “Year Without a Summer”.
Before the April 10th eruption, Mount Tambora was 14,100 feet high. After the eruption, it was about 9,354 feet.
Temperatures dropped by 3°C during 1816, the Year Without a Summer.
Ash and particulate matter from the eruption also resulted in optical effects such as brilliant sunsets. A ‘dry fog’ reddened the sunlight; at times sunspots were visible to the naked eye.
Other possible effects of the catastrophic eruption include mass migration in Europe and the Americas as people moved to find areas that were more hospitable to farming. The Year Without a Summer may have buoyed westward migration in America. Reduced resources also led to innovation, such as developing horseless transportation.
The Year Without a Summer caused dark and dreary weather. This weather forced Mary Shelley, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Lord Byron, and John William Polidori to stay indoors during their Swiss holiday. During that time indoors, Lord Byron and his friends started a contest to see who could write the scariest story. This contest led the creation of the stories Frankenstein and The Vampyre.