Did you know that the Apollo 7 mission launched today in 1968? The purpose of the Apollo Program was to land a man on the Moon and then return him safely to Earth. The program lasted from 1969 to 1972. The Apollo 7 mission was the first in the Apollo program to carry a crew into space. The 3 astronauts spent nearly 11 days in space and orbited the Earth 163 times. During that time, the astronauts tested the life support, propulsion, and control systems of the spacecraft that would bring astronauts to the moon before splashing down in the Atlantic Ocean on October 22, 1968.
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The three astronauts on the Apollo 7 mission were Walter M. Schirra, Donn F. Eisele, and R. Walter Cunningham.
The Apollo Mission was not the first space program to successfully send an astronaut to space and orbit. Previous space programs such as the Mercury Program successfully sent astronauts into space and brought them back to Earth safely. Each successive program built upon the technology of the previous program for longer and more complicated missions.
Apollo 7 was the first three-person space mission. It was also the first to include a live TV broadcast from a spacecraft in orbit.
One of the improvements from the Mercury Space Program was the food. The Mercury flights provided astronauts with food in toothpaste-like tubes. The Apollo spacecraft had the capability to provide astronauts with hot and cold water. Food was freeze-dried and could be re-hydrated.