Did you know that Henry Dunant was born today in 1828? He came up with the idea of the Red Cross. The Red Cross is an organization that works to protect human lives and health and tries to ease the suffering of people throughout the world. Red Cross organizations provide aid during wars, natural disasters, and other emergencies. In 1901, Henry Dunant was one of the recipients of the first Nobel Peace Prize. The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to individuals or groups that have worked to promote peace between groups of people or countries.
We hope that you have a compassionate day at school today. Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
After the Battle of Solferino, about 40,000 soldiers from both sides of the conflict were left to suffer. Some had already died in the field, others were too wounded to help themselves. There was little to no organized medical care. Henry Dunant organized civilians to provide assistance to the wounded regardless of which side the soldier belonged to. He also helped to organize supplies and needed materials to set up makeshift hospitals. Afterwards he wrote a book, Un Souvenir de Solferino (A Memory of Solferino) that helped to inform others of the need for a neutral organization to provide care in times of war and disaster.
The 1864 Geneva Convention was based on Dunant’s ideas. The Geneva Convention establishes international law dealing with humanitarian treatment of individuals during war such as the basic rights of war prisoners and protections for the wounded, sick, and civilians.
The 1901 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to both Henry Dunant and Frédéric Passy. Other receipients of the Nobel Peace Price include Martin Luther King Jr., Elie Wiesel, Mother Teresa, and Nelson Mandela.
The International Committee for the Red Cross has received three Nobel Peace Prizes, the greatest number so far.
There are currently 4 symbols used to designate medical vehicles, buildings, and personnel to help protect them from military attack. The symbols are the Red Cross, Red Crescent, Red Crystal, and Red Lion and Sun. The Red Lion and Sun is mostly no longer in use.