Did you know that Francis Bacon was born today in 1561? He was an English philosopher, scientist, political leader, and author. Francis Bacon promoted the idea of gaining scientific knowledge through making careful observations and experiments, compared to just coming up with ideas that are not based on evidence. Because of this, he is sometimes called the ‘father of the scientific method’. With the scientific method, an experiment is designed to test an idea or theory. Scientists make observations during the experiment that either support or disprove the idea. Scientists gain new knowledge and ideas that can be tested again with new experiments!
We hope that you are logical and observant at school today! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
Bacon once wrote that he ha three goals: to uncover truth, serve his country, and serve his church.
Sometimes Francis Bacon is called the ‘father of empiricism’. He tried to encourage scientists to use inductive reasoning.
Other types of reasoning are deductive reasoning and abductive reasoning. Deductive reasoning is sometimes described as ‘top down’. It applies a hypothesis to a situation. A classic example is (Socrates was a man) (all men are mortal) (Socrates was mortal) Many mathematic proofs are deductive. Inductive reasoning is ‘bottom up’. Instead of a certainty, the conclusion is more ‘probable’; even with two true premises, the conclusion could still be possibly false. Abductive reasoning is similar to inductive reasoning; it deals more with ‘the best explanation’ possible.
A hypothesis from the mid-19th century proposes that Francis Bacon wrote some of the plays traditionally attributed to William Shakespeare.