Did you know that the Hope Diamond was donated to the Smithsonian Natural History Museum and has been on display since 1958? The source of the Hope Diamond comes from India, where it was purchased by a French gem merchant in 1666. The large blue diamond became part of jewels belonging to the French Monarchy, but was eventually stolen during the French Revolution and cut into smaller pieces. The largest piece eventually became the Hope Diamond. The blue color of the diamond comes from small amounts of boron atoms mixed in with the carbon atoms.
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The initial diamond was known as the Tavernier Blue. It weighed about 112 carats. Around 1671 it was recut into a 68-carat diamond called the French Blue and became part of the French Crown Jewels. The jewel was stolen during the French Revolution. Later the French Blue was cut into what became the 45-carat Hope Diamond. For the next 100 years, the diamond was purchased and sold my numerous owners. In 1949, Harry Winston, a gem merchant, purchased the Hope Diamond. He toured It for several years before donating it to the Smithsonian in 1958.
The insured price of the Hope Diamond is $250 million.
The Hope Diamond is also known as Le Bijou du Roi (“the King’s Jewel”).
The Hope Diamond acquired its name from a London banking family who purchased the diamond in 1839.
While it has a blue color in normal light, the Hope Diamond glows with a red phosphorescence under ultraviolet light.
The Hope Diamond weighs about 45.52 carats. It is about the size of a walnut; about 1 inch by 7/8 inch by 15/32 inches.
For more information visit: https://www.si.edu/spotlight/hope-diamond