Did you know that Bernardo Houssay was born today in 1887? He was an Argentinian physiologist. A physiologist studies how the organs, cells, and molecules work in a living organism. In 1947 he was one of the recipients of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. He discovered how the brain controls or adjusts the amount of glucose in our bodies. Glucose is a type of sugar and used by the cells in animals as an energy source. Plants make glucose during photosynthesis and organisms absorb glucose from these plants when they eat plants.
We hope that you have an energetic day at school today! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
The 1947 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine was shared between Bernardo Houssay, Carl Ferdinand Cori and Gerty Cori. Bernardo Houssay’s work discovered the role of pituitary hormones in regulating the amount of blood sugar, or glucose, in animals.
The process of using glucose is called glycolysis. The products from this reaction are ATP, carbon dioxide, and water.
Glucose supplies almost all the energy for the brain. As a result, when glucose levels are low, processes requiring mental effort such as self-control or decision making are impaired.
Glucose is a carbohydrate. It is made of six carbon atoms, twelve hydrogen atoms, and six oxygen atoms. Glucose is stored as starch in plants or glycogen in animals.
The word glucose comes from the Greek word γλυκός, which means ‘sweet’.