Did you know that in 330, the city of Byzantium was renamed Nova Roma? Before that, Byzantium was known as the city of Lygos. You may know this city best as Istanbul or Constantinople. The city of Istanbul is part of the country of Turkey and is ‘transcontinental’; parts of the city are in Europe, parts in Asia. Historically, the city has been colonized, captured, governed, and claimed by many groups including: the Greeks, Persians, Romans, Ottoman Turks, and Europeans. As a result, the city has a very long history of changing names.
We hope that you have an adaptable day at school today. Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
In 324 Constantine the Great became the emperor of the entire Roman Empire. He organized plans for a new capital for the Roman Empire. The city was called Nova Roma, but most called it Constantinople.
Other names for the city of Constantinople include:
- Augusta Antonia
- New Rome
Istanbul is located on both saides of the Bosphorus Strait, which separates Europe from Asia. It is currently the 7th largest city in the world and the most populous city in Europe.
In 1953 Jimmy Kennedy and Nat Simon wrote the song “Istanbul (Not Constantinople)”. The song was written on the 500th anniversary of the fall of Constantinople and refer to the 1930 renaming of the city from Constantinople to Istanbul. Other musical groups that have covered the song include They Might Be Giants, Bing Crosby and Ella Fitzgerald, and Bette Midler.