Did you know that word roots ‘ops/opt’ and ‘ophthalm’ come from the Greek word ὄψ (ops) or ὀφθαλμός (opthalmos), which mean eye or sight? An ophthalmologist is a doctor that treats diseases of or injuries to the eye. An optometrist uses tools to examine eyes and, if needed to prescribe glasses to correct vision. Optics is used to describe something related to sight, light, or the eye, like optical illusions. A synopsis is a summary of a novel, movie or other work; something that lets you see the entire work all at once. Can you think of any ‘ops’, ‘opt’, or ‘ophthalm’ words?
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Microphthalmia is a developmental disorder, where the eye does not grow and remains abnormally small compared to the skull orbit.
The optokinetic response is part of how a person’s eye tracks a moving object. It is a combination of fast and slow eye moments and develops at about 6 months of age.
Myopia is a condition where the focal point from the eye’s lens falls before the retina; it is commonly referred to as being nearsighted.
Hyperopia is a condition where the focal point from the eye’s lens falls behind the retina; it is commonly referred to as being farsighted.
The cyclops was a creature from Greek mythology. They had one eye. They Latin ‘Cyclops’ comes from the Greek ‘kyklops’ which meant “round eyed”.