Did you know that in 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt signed the Antiquities Act, making it a law? The Antiquities Act gives the President of the United States the authority to create national monuments from federal land to preserve and protect natural, scientific, historical, or cultural places. There are currently 129 National Monuments. Some national monuments are as small as a building or are large enough to include ocean reefs. Some National Parks, such as the Grand Canyon, started out as National Monuments.
We hope that find time to learn about and appreciate the many places set aside as National Monuments! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
In the early 1900’s ‘pot hunting’ or removing archeological artifacts from prehistoric ruins had become a serious problem. Congressman John F. Lacey and anthropologist Edgar Lee Hewett researched and provided the information to convince Congress to pass the Antiquities Act, that would protect these irreplaceable ruins and artifacts.
The first National Monument created was Devils Tower National Monument on September 24, 1906.
With 18, Arizona has the highest number of National Monuments. California has 17 and New Mexico has 14.
The largest National Monument created is Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, which includes the ocean waters northwest of the Hawaiian Islands. It encompasses 583,000 square miles. The smallest National Monument is the Father Millet Cross National Monument, which only encompasses 30 square meters.
Since the Antiquities Act was passed, it has been used more than a hundred times. Only 4 Presidents have not created or enlarged National Monuments while in office. As of 2018, President Trump is looking to review and revise the use of the Antiquities Act, and in some cases calling to dismantle some of the National Monuments that have been created.