Did you know that today is World Milk Day? Milk is a substance produced by mammals as a food source for baby mammals and is packed with nutrients to help with growth such as protein, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals, and water. Humans drink milk, but also use it to make other dairy products such as cream, butter, ice cream, and cheese. About 85% of milk produced in the world comes from cows, but other sources of milk include buffalos, goats, sheep, camels, donkeys, horses, reindeer, and yak. The white or creamy color of milk comes the fat particles suspended in the milk, which scatter the light.
We hope that you have a ‘moo-tiful’ day today! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
World Milk Day was established by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 2001. June 1st was selected at the day because many countries were already celebrating a Milk Day during that time of year.
Countries all over the world celebrate World Milk Day with marathons, milking demonstrations, farm visits, seminars, and other activities that promote the value of milk and the dairy industry.
Early milk from mammals is called colostrum. In addition to nutrition, it contains antibodies from the mother, which help to protect the infant.
In the mid-1800’s and 1900’s the discovery and development of pasteurization made milk safer to drink and store.
Russia and Sweden also have small moose dairies.
In the United States, whole cow milk contains about 3.5% fat content by weight and, aside from homogenization and pasteurization, is the milk that is produced by the cow. With reduced fat (2%), low-fat (1%) and fat-free milks, all the fat removed from the milk and then added back in the respective proportions.
As for butters and creams: butter has 69% fat content by weight, heavy whipping cream has 69%, whipping cream has 30%, light cream has 18%, and half and half has 10.5%.
Lactose intolerance is not the same as an allergy to dairy. Milk contains a lactose, a type of sugar. An enzyme, lactase, is required to break down this sugar for use. Lactose intolerance occurs when an individual does not have enough lactase enzyme in their small intestine to break down the lactose from the dairy product, causing gastrointestinal distress. For many adults, lactase production decreases with age, but this varies. About 10% of people with ancestry in Northern Europe will have decreased lactase production as they age, compared to 95% of populations from Asia and Africa.