Did you know that the first module of the International Space Station, Zarya / Заря́(‘Sunrise’ in Russian), launched in 1998? A module is a part or ‘room’ that can be added or removed from the station. The International Space Station is currently about the size of a football field and has 15 main modules. 222 astronauts and scientists from 18 countries have worked at the International Space Station. The International Space Station moves at a speed of 5 miles per second and orbits the Earth every 90 minutes. At night, you can see the International Space Station as it orbits; it looks like a very fast airplane.
We hope that you find ways to cooperate with your classmates today. Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
The name of first module was “Zarya” (Заря́), which means ‘aurora’ or ‘sunrise’; it was named for the dawn of international cooperation in space exploration and discovery. The first module is also known as the “Function Cargo Block”. Zarya provided storage, propulsion, guidance and electrical power during the assembly of the International Space Station. It is currently used for storage.
There are currently 5 new modules scheduled to be added to the International Space Station. Since the end of the Space Shuttle program, space agencies and private companies have developed new methods, capsules, and ways to resupply the International Space Station.
The main countries and regions involved with the International Space Station are the United States, Russian, Europe Union, Japan, and Canada. As this is an international space station, there are mission control centers located all around the globe.
The scientists and astronauts conduct scientific research in many fields. They also take time to reach out to students all over the Earth; they conduct student-developed experiments, record videos of what it is like to live in microgravity; speak with students directly via video or audio links, and much more.
Crew members usually sleep in sleeping bags that are tethered to a wall; this keeps them from bumping into sensitive equipment. Sleeping quarters need to be well-ventilated, if not the astronauts can become oxygen-deprived as a bubble of the carbon dioxide they exhale forms around their head.
One of the greatest threats to the International Space Station is orbital debris. Large pieces of debris have predictable orbits and can be avoided, but pieces smaller than 1 cm cannot be detected easily. Despite their size, these small pieces of debris can still have great amounts of kinetic energy and can cause damage to the station or to astronauts in spacesuits.
In the event of an emergency, a Soyuz spacecraft is docked to the International Space Station as a ‘lifeboat’.
For information on the International Space Station, click here.
For more information on how to spot the International Space Station at night, click here.