Did you know that it took many years to select a landing site for the Apollo 11 Lunar Module? The Lunar Orbiter and Surveyor Programs provided data about the surface of the Moon. Scientists and engineers needed to find an area that would be flat and level and easy to get to (no hills, cliffs, or other obstacles to maneuver around). Scientists and engineers also needed to consider the amount of propellant needed to reach the site and how the Sun was oriented compared to the Moon as this would change visibility and temperatures. Eventually, a site in the Sea of Tranquility was selected as the best option.
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Scientist and engineers were looking for a landing site that was close to the Moon’s equator.
In 1968, scientists announced the 5 potential sites. Apollo 10’s Lunar Module flew by Site 2, and reported that it would be the best site.