Did you know that Gustave Eiffel was born today in 1832? He was a French architect and civil engineer. He designed bridges and buildings throughout the world. Some of his most famous buildings and structures include the Garabit viaduct, the Eiffel Tower, and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty. After he retired from engineering he researched meteorology and aerodynamics. Aerodynamics is the study of air: how it moves and interacts with objects such as an airplane wing or the side of a building.
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Initially, Gustave’s last name was Bönickhausen. His ancestors had emigrated from Germany. Eventually they adopted the name ‘Eiffel’, after the Eifel mountains near their homeland.
After he retired from designing buildings and structures, Eiffel took an interest in meteorology and aerodynamics. He conducted his early aerodynamic experiments from the Eiffel Tower. He also had meteorological equipment placed on the Eiffel Tower and at his home. Later he expanded to taking measurements from locations across France.
Sadly, some of Gustave Eiffel’s structures and buildings have been torn down or destroyed. Many others stand in danger of being demolished, but with public support, some of his structures have been saved and protected as national monuments.