Did you know that the word root ‘dec’ comes from the Greek word δέκα which means ‘ten’? The word root ‘decim’ comes from the Latin word ‘decimus’ which means ‘tenth’. Some words that use these roots include decade, which is ten years. A decagon is a shape with ten sides. A decathlon is a track-and-field contest with ten different events. The decimal system of numbers uses units of 10. Can you think of any other ‘dec’ or ‘decim’ words?
Your decapod friends and I can’t wait for you to come home from school! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
The month of December uses this word root. In the ancient Roman calendar, December was the tenth month of the year.
The word ‘dime’ is remotely related to the dec / decim root. It comes from the old French word ‘disme’, which comes from the Latin word ‘decimus’, meaning tenth.
The current events of the decathlon are the 100-meter race, long jump, shot put, high jump, 400-meter race, hurdles, discus throw, pole vault, javelin throw, and 1500-meter race.
The word ‘decimate’ used to mean to take a tenth part. It sometimes applied to the idea of ‘punishing every tenth soldier in a group’. Now the word usually indicates the idea of destroying a large proportion of something. Usually, the word ‘decimate’ is not used along with exact fractions or percentages. For example, you would not say, “The blight decimated 70 percent of the crop”.