Did you know that Kamehameha V was born today in 1830? He was a King of the Hawaiian Islands from 1863 to 1872. His full given name was Lota (Lot) Kapuāiwa Kalanimakua Aliʻiōlani Kalanikupuapaʻīkalaninui. After finishing school, he and his brother (the crown prince) travelled to increase their understanding of the world. They visited and met with world leaders in California, Panama, Jamaica, New York City, Washington DC, and a few cities in Europe. During his reign, tourism and travel to Hawaii increased. Worried for his people’s health, he rejected laws allowing the sale of alcohol. He also encouraged a revival of Hawaiian culture, traditions, and medicine.
We hope that you learn more about the world around you today! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
Kamehameha V’s motto was Onipa’a, which means immovable, firm, steadfast, and determined.
In 1872, Kamehameha V was ill and bedridden, but told those that visited him that “The Good Lord cannot take me today, today is my birthday.” Kamehameha V passed away as preparations for his birthday celebration were in progress. He did not have any children, and the person he had named as his heir had died and had also been childless. Kamehameha V was the last monarch from the House of Kamehameha. The next monarch was elected by the legislature.
During his world tour Kamehameha V met with US President Zachary Taylor, Vice President Millard Fillmore, British prince consort Albert, and others. Later nations sent representatives to Hawaii; Queen Victoria sent her son Prince Alfred; Kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany sent Henri Berger to help organize the Royal Hawaiian Band, as a gesture and gift of music.
In 1866 Mark Twain travelled to Hawaii. He stayed for about 4 months. In his letters to the Sacramento Union, Mark Twain described Kamehameha V as a “wise sovereign… educated and accomplished. He tried hard to do well by his people and succeeded. There was no royal nonsense about him; He dressed plainly, poked about Honolulu … on his old horse, unattended; he was popular, greatly respected, and even beloved.”