Did you know that the Niccolo Zucchi was born today in 1586? He was an astronomer and physicist. He studied optics and light, magnetism, barometers, and phosphorescent materials. Niccolo Zucchi designed one of the first reflecting telescopes, which uses mirrors instead of lenses to collect light and form an image. Niccolo Zucchi was also the first to see stripes on the planet Jupiter. The bands are caused by ‘streams’ of Jupiter’s atmosphere moving at different speeds. The colors come from the different chemicals found in each ‘stream’.
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Niccolo Zucchis’ book, Optica philosophia experimentalis et ratione a fundamentis constituta, inspired other scientist such as Isaac Newton.
A crater on the moon, Zucchius, is named in honor of Niccolo Zucchi.
The dark stripes on Jupiter are called ‘belts’. The lighter stripes are called zones. Stripes have appeared and disappeared from Jupiter.
Niccolo Zucchi demonstrated that phosphorescent materials emit light instead of storing it.