Did you know that John Jacob Abel was born today in 1857? He was a biochemist and pharmacologist. A biochemist studies chemical processes in living organisms. A pharmacologist studies the effect of substances (drugs or medicines) on the cells, organs, and tissues of a living organism. During his career John Jacob Abel isolated the hormone epinephrine, also known as adrenaline. He also worked to develop methods to purify and crystallize insulin. To help with his research, John Jacob Abel also created a device to separate and remove chemicals from blood. This device was the precursor to modern dialysis machines, which help people with failing kidneys.
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John Jacob Abel earned his Bachelor of Philosophy and initially worked as a high school principal and teacher. Later he studied biology and medicine.
John Jacob Abel established the Pharmacology department at Johns Hopkins University.
John Jacob Abel founded the scientific journals Journal of Biological Chemistry and Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. He wanted to give scientists a platform and way to share their scientific findings and research.