Did you know that the word root ‘geo’ comes from the Greek word ‘ge’ or ‘gaia’ (γῆ, γαῖα) which means land, soil, country, or earth? English words that use this root include geology, which is the scientific study of rocks, minerals, and the physical history of the Earth. A geode is a special rock that is filled with crystals; the word geode means ‘earth like’. Pangea was huge continent that existed more than 300 million years ago. Can you think of any other ‘geo’ words?
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Gaia was a figure in Greek mythology that represented the Earth.
The term ‘geometry’ also uses the word root ‘geo’. The word is composed of the words ‘geo’ and ‘metron’, which means ‘earth measurement’. It is the study of shape, size, and relative position of figures and space. A person who studies or works with geometry is called a ‘geometer’.
Geography is the study of the physical and human features of the Earth, such as country boundaries or where mountain ranges and lakes are located.
The word ‘apogee’ also uses the word root ‘ge’. It means the point where an object such as a moon or satellite is at the farthest point from the Earth.