Did you know that Marie Curie was born today in 1867? She was a Nobel prize-winning physicist and chemist. Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize and the only person to win a Nobel Prize in two different sciences (chemistry and physics). She researched and developed the theory of radioactivity, which describes what happens when unstable atoms break apart. Marie Curie also discovered two new elements and named them polonium and radium. During World War I, she used what she discovered about radioactivity to develop mobile x-ray machines that treated millions of wounded soldiers.
We hope that you stay ‘Curie’-ous today and everyday. Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
The Curie Family has a total of five Nobel Prizes. Marie Curie’s Nobel Prizes were awarded in 1903 for Physics and 1911 in Chemistry.
Polonium is named after Marie Curie’s home country, Poland.
The Curie’s discovery of radioactivity rocked the scientific world. It did not seem to adhere to the idea of the conservation of energy, which made the scientists rethink what they knew about physics.
Marie Curie was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris.
Albert Einstein once said that Marie Curie was a person that could not be corrupted by fame. She donated much of her prize money and awards to family, friends, associates; or insisted that the money be donated to research organizations. She did not patent their radium-isolation process, which made it easier for other scientists to conduct research.
A unit of radioactivity the curie (Ci) is named in honor of the Curies as well as element 96 curium.
Sadly, her research on radioactivity may have played a role in her death. She worked very closely with radioactive substances both in and out of her lab. During World War I she developed mobile X-ray vehicles to help treat wounded soldiers. She carried the radium needed for the x-ray machines in a pocket. Her lab notebooks from 1890 are still considered too dangerous to handle and are stored in a lead-lined box. Scientists that wish to review her papers must wear protective clothing.