Did you know that in 1963, Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to have flown in space? Valentina Tereshkova was an astronaut from the Soviet Union and part of the Vostok 6 mission. The goal of the mission was to study how human bodies react to spaceflight. The space flight lasted 3 days and Valentina Tereshkova orbited the Earth 48 times. During the flight, she wrote notes in the flight log, piloted the spacecraft, spoke with government leaders over the radio, and took photos of the Earth’s horizon.
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A cosmonaut is another word for astronaut.
Before becoming a cosmonaut, Valentina was a textile-factory assembly worker. She was also an amateur skydiver.
Valentina Tereshkova’s call sign was ‘Chaika’, or seagull
The pictures she took of the Earth’s horizon during her spaceflight were used to identify the layers of Earth’s atmosphere.
During her flight, she spoke with Nikita Khrushchev. A camera was also installed on the inside of Vostok 6 so her video was show on state television.
After she was retired by presidential order from the Cosmonaut Corps and the Russian Air Force, Valentina became a politician and representative of the Soviet Union. In 2011 she was elected to the State Duma.
Valentina Tereshkova was a torch bearer in the 2008 Summer Olympic Games and a carrier of the Olympic Flag during the 2014 Winter Olympic Games.
Valentina Tereshkova offered to go on a one-way trip to Mars if the opportunity arose.