Did you know that J.R.R Tolkien was born today in 1892? He was a British author, poet, and professor. His best-known works include: The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Simarillion. Tolkien drew inspiration for his work from mythology, legends, and the landscapes of places he had lived at or visited. For the world of “Middle-earth”, where The Hobbit and Lord of the Rings takes place, he created written and spoken languages for the elves, dwarves, and other inhabitants of that imagined world.
We hope that you have a legendary day at school today. Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
J.R.R. Tolkien’s name was John Ronald Reuel Tolkien.
Tolkien and his brother were orphans. Their father died of rheumatic fever when Tolkien was 3. Their mother died of acute diabetes when Tolkien was 12. After their mother’s death, they were raised by a close family friend Father Francis Xavier Morgan.
J.R.R Tolkien served during the first World War. Tolkien was newly married; the separation was very difficult. To circumvent the censorship in the British Army postal system, he and his wife, Edith, developed a code so she could track where he was on a map. He eventually contracted trench fever and was sent back to England.
During the Second World War, Tolkien was asked to serve in the cryptographic department as a codebreaker. However, later on his services were not required.
J.R.R. Tolkien was also a philologist, or someone who studies language. He worked on the Oxford English Dictionary, studying the history and etymology of works that of a Germanic origin that began with ‘w’.
Tolkien wrote illustrated letters to his children featuring Father Christmas and a collection of characters.
Tolkien also finished a translation of Beowolf in 1926, but never published it. The translation was published by his son in 2014.
J.R.R Tolkein was part of the ‘Inklings’, a group of friends that met and discussed literature in the 1930’s and 1940’s. Other members included C.S. Lewis, Warren Lewis (C.S. Lewis’ brother), Christopher Tolkien (Tolkien’s son), and Roger Lancelyn Green.