Did you know that the United Nations was founded today in 1945? It was founded after World War II in hopes of preventing another terrible conflict from happening again. The United Nations or ‘UN’ provides a way for the countries of the world to come together to discuss issues and solve global problems such as war, peace, human rights, terrorism, climate change, health emergencies, poverty, and much more. The headquarters of the United Nations is in New York City, New York.
We hope that you have a cooperative and peaceful day at school today. Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
Today is also “United Nations Day”.
The precursor to the UN was the “League of Nations” formed after World War I.
There were 51 original member countries that signed the United Nations Charter. The UN Charter was ratified by China, France, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Currently there are 193 member countries.
There are 6 official languages of the UN. They are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish.
There are 6 main departments or ‘organs’ of the United Nations. They are:
- General Assembly – The main policymaking group of the UN. All member nations are represented here.
- Security Council – Responsible for the maintaining international peace and security. There are 15 members; 5 are permanent and 10 members that are elected by the General Assembly for 2-year terms.
- Economic and Social Council – Responsible for economic and social issues. There are 54 members that are elected by the General Assembly for 3-year terms.
- Trusteeship Council – Currently not active, but at the founding of the UN was responsible for preparing 11 Trust Territories for self-government and independence.
- International Court of Justice – The judicial branch of the UN responsible for settling legal disputes. It is located in the Peace Palace in the Hague, Netherlands.
- Secretariat – The administrative branch of the UN responsible for the work authorized by the General Assembly and other organizations of the UN. The leader of this branch is the Secretary-General, who serves a 5-year term. Candidates for Secretary-General are recommended by the Security Council and appointed by the General Assembly.
The UN also has other agencies such as the World Bank Group, UNICEF, World Health Organization, and UNESCO.