Did you know that in 1519 the explorer Ferdinand Magellan set sail from Spain on what would be the first circumnavigation of the Earth? To ‘circumnavigate’ means to travel completely around. Magellan and his crew were the first Europeans to see new animals such as guanacos (similar to llamas) and penguins. In honor of his role as an explorer there are many places on Earth and space named after Magellan such as the Strait of Magellan, the Magellanic Clouds, and a few craters on the Moon and Mars.
We hope that you have a great day of discovery at school today. Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
Magellan did not set sail with the intention of circumnavigating the globe. They were just interested in a new route to the Spice Islands.
The King of Portugal sent a naval detachment to try to capture Magellan’s fleet when they left Spain. Magellan was able to avoid capture.
Magellan started the voyage with 5 ships and 270 crew members. Magellan’s crew of 270 men came from many nations including Portugal, Spain, Italy, Germany, Belgium, Greece, England, and France.
However, after a journey of 3 years and 37,560 miles, only 1 ship and 38 of the original crew returned to Spain. Sadly, Magellan was one of the crew that did not survive the journey. He was killed in the Battle of Mactac in the Philippines.
Upon the completion of their journey, Magellan’s crew found that even though they had kept accurate records on the ship’s log they were a day behind. This showed the need for an International Date Line, which caused quite a bit of excitement at the time.