Did you know that the ‘First Fleet’ arrived in Australia today in 1788? The First Fleet are the 11 ships that left Great Britain to establish the first European colonies in Australia. The journey from Great Britain took about 250 days. They first sailed from England to Rio de Janerio. Then after picking up more supplies, they sailed to Cape Town in South Africa, and then finally to Botany Bay in Australia. The ships carried 1,000 – 1,500 people along with the food and water needed for the journey and the farm animals, seeds, clothing, medicine, tools, and other things need to build their new homes. We hope that you have a hopeful day today. Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.
Today is celebrated as “Australia Day” in Australia.
About 1,000 – 1,500 people arrived along with 7 horses, 29 sheep, 74 pigs, 6 rabbits, and 7 cattle. The exact number of people is not known as the records from the time differ.
The Fleet had planned on landing in Botany Bay, but found that the area would not be a good place to settle. They scouted around and found that Port Jackson, about 12 KM north had better resources such as water, soil, and a deep harbor.
The names of the ships in the First Fleet are: HMS Sirius, HMS Supply, Alexander, Charlotte, Friendship, Lady Penrhyn, Prince of Wales, Scarborough, Golden Grove, Fishburn, and Borrowdale.