word root – integr

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Did you know that the word root ‘integr’ comes from the Latin word integer, which means whole or complete? Some words that use this root include integer, which in mathematics describe the positive and negative whole numbers. To integrate is to combine or unite parts to make a whole, or to add or meld in a part into an existing whole. On the other hand, to disintegrate is to break something whole into fragments and pieces. Can you think of any other ‘integr’ words?

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Bernardo Houssay

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Did you know that Bernardo Houssay was born today in 1887? He was an Argentinian physiologist. A physiologist studies how the organs, cells, and molecules work in a living organism. In 1947 he was one of the recipients of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. He discovered how the brain controls or adjusts the amount of glucose in our bodies. Glucose is a type of sugar and used by the cells in animals as an energy source. Plants make glucose during photosynthesis and organisms absorb glucose from these plants when they eat plants.

We hope that you have an energetic day at school today! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.

Bonus Facts:
The 1947 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine was shared between Bernardo Houssay, Carl Ferdinand Cori and Gerty Cori. Bernardo Houssay’s work discovered the role of pituitary hormones in regulating the amount of blood sugar, or glucose, in animals.

The process of using glucose is called glycolysis. The products from this reaction are ATP, carbon dioxide, and water.

Glucose supplies almost all the energy for the brain. As a result, when glucose levels are low, processes requiring mental effort such as self-control or decision making are impaired.

Glucose is a carbohydrate. It is made of six carbon atoms, twelve hydrogen atoms, and six oxygen atoms. Glucose is stored as starch in plants or glycogen in animals.

The word glucose comes from the Greek word γλυκός, which means ‘sweet’.

Mississippi River

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Did you know that René-Robert Cavelier discovered the mouth of the Mississippi River today in 1682? The part of a river that flows into another body of water such as a lake, ocean, or another river is called the ‘mouth’. The mouth is on the coast of Louisiana. Starting in northern Minnesota, the Mississippi flows south for 2,320 miles and passes through Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana. René-Robert Cavelier travelled and explored the length of the Mississippi River, claiming the land for France and naming the entire area ‘Louisiana’ after the French King.

We hope that your day at school flows smoothly! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.

Bonus Facts:
The watershed for the Mississippi extends into Canada, and across 31 states in the United States.

The Mississippi is the 4th longest river in the world.

Other names for the Mississippi River include:
Ojibwe: Misi-ziibi, Dakota: Mníšošethąka, Myaamia: Mihsi-siipiiwi, Cheyenne: Ma’xeé’ometāā’e, Kiowa: Xósáu, Arapaho: Beesniicie, Pawnee: Kickaátit The Ojibwe name for the river means “Great River”

Philip Henry Gosse

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Did you know that Philip Henry Gosse was born today in 1810? He was an English naturalist. Instead of conducting experiments, a naturalist observes and studies the animals, plants, and environments found in nature. While Philip Gosse studied insects, birds, and reptiles, he is best known for his studies on marine life. He experimented with ways to keep sea creatures alive outside of the ocean so they could be observed without having to dive underwater. In 1853, Philip Henry Gosse created the first public aquatic habitats in the London Zoo and created the word ‘aquarium’ to describe them.

We hope that you unearth new knowledge today at school! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.

Bonus Facts:
In 1827, Philip Henry Gosse worked as a counting house clerk in Newfoundland and studied and recorded the entomology of the island. In 1835 he moved to Lower Canada and continued his observations of insect life and submitted specimens to the Natural History Society of Montreal. In 1838 he moved to Alabama and drew and wrote Entomologia Alabamenisis, a collection of drawings and descriptions of the insect life in Alabama.

In 1844, Philip Henry Gosse lived in Jamaica and collected specimens for Hugh Cuming.

Philip Henry Gosse also wrote and illustrated articles and books of the animals and environments he studied.

While Philip Henry Gosse did not invent the aquarium, with the creation of the public aquarium in the London Zoo, he was responsible for starting the ‘aquarium craze’ in Victorian England.

Before the word ‘aquarium’ the phrases ‘aqua-vivarium’ or ‘aquatic vivarium’ were used to describe man-made aquatic habitats.

word root – here / hes

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Did you know that the word roots ‘here’ and ‘hes’ come from the Latin word haerere which means to cling or to stick to? Coherent describes something that is connected or sticks together. A coherent thought is one that is logical and makes sense. Inherent describes something that is closely connected, or permanently ‘stuck’ with, like an inherent fear. An adhesive is something that causes things to stick together, like tape or glue. In science cohesion is the force that holds atoms and molecules together. Can you think of any other ‘here’ or ‘hes’ words?

We hope that you adhere to the rules at school today! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.

Paleontology – Georges Cuvier

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Did you know that Georges Cuvier presented the first paleontology lecture in 1796? Paleontology is the study of life forms that existed before the current geological period. Scientists study fossils of animals, plants, and insects, which can tell them how organisms change and evolve over time and their interaction with their environment. Some ancient animal species Georges Cuvier named include mastodons, pterosaurs, and Mosasaurus. Georges Cuvier helped to establish the idea of extinction of species as a scientific fact instead of just an idea.

We hope that you unearth new knowledge today at school! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.

Bonus Facts:
Paleontology comes from the Greek word ‘παλαιός’ which means ‘old or ancient’.

Paleontology lies between biology and geology. It uses biochemistry, math, engineer, geology and other sciences.

Georges Cuvier is sometimes called the “Father of Paleontology”. He applied Linnaean taxonomy and included fossils and living species.

While Georges Cuvier believed in extinction, he opposed theories of evolution.

Georges Cuvier’s most famous work is Le Regne Animal or The Animal Kingdom. While he tried to apply his classification work to humans, he let his personal beliefs and racial perception taint his work.

Georges Cuvier is one of 72 names inscribed on the Eiffel Tower.

Washington Irving

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Did you know that Washington Irving was born today in 1783? He was named after the Revolutionary War hero, George Washington. While he initially studied to become a lawyer, Washington Irving eventually became a writer. He wrote biographies, travel logs, historical novels, and short stories. Two of his best-known works are “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”. Washington Irving was one of the first American writers to become internationally popular. He helped mentor and encourage other writers such as Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne.

We hope that you have an extraordinary tale to tell at the end of the day! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.

Bonus Facts:
Washington Irving was born the same week his mother heard about the end of the American Revolutionary War. She named her son after the hero of the revolution, George Washington. When he was 6 years old, he met George Washington after the President’s inauguration.

As a child Washington Irving was an ‘uninterested student’. He preferred stories of adventure and drama. When he was 14 he would sneak out of class to attend the theater.

Washington Irving also mentored Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Herman Melville. Some European authors that admired him included Lord Byron, Charles Dickens, and Walter Scott.

Washington Irving traveled through Europe for about 17 years before returning to the United States.

Washington Irving also acted as an ambassador to Spain from 1842 to 1846.

In 1807 Washington Irving affixed the nickname ‘Gotham’ to New York City, it was a word that meant “Goat’s Town”.

During the War of 1812, Washington Irving was initially against the war. After the British attack on Washington DC in 1814 Washington Irving enlisted.

Washington Irving encountered issues with ‘literary bootleggers’; much of his writing was reproduced without his permission or compensation. Later he advocated for stronger laws to protect American writers from copyright infringement.

word root – graph

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Did you know that the word root ‘graph’ comes from the Greek word γραφή (graphe), which means a painting, drawing, or piece of writing? Some English words that use this root include telegraph, which is a system or machine that transmits writing over long distances. A photograph is a picture made using light, while a micrograph is a photograph or image taken using a microscope. A homograph is a word that has the same written form, but different meanings (like bear, lead, or wind). Can you think of any other ‘graph’ words?

We hope that you keep the graphite in your pencil sharp and ready to write! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.

Bonus Facts:
Graphite means ‘writing stone’ and is used to make pencils. Graphite is one form of solid carbon. Other historical names for this material were black lead and plumbago. Graphite and other lead ores all have the appearance of a soft, black mineral. In the past they were often mistaken for each other.

Aside from pencils, graphite is also used as a lubricant between metal parts.

While graphite is considered a soft material, graphene is one of the strongest substances known.

Some methods of telegraphy include semaphore, smoke signals, reflected light signals, and morse code. More modern counterparts may include email or instant messaging.

Before the successful invention and application of telegraphy, a letter from London to Sydney Australia used to take 73 days; a letter to New York took 12 days.

Graphomania is an obsessive impulse to write.

Patty Smith Hill

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Did you know that Patty Smith Hill was born today in 1868? She was a music composer and teacher. Patty Smith Hill’s parents emphasized the importance of education and encouraged Patty to study hard. Eventually, she became a university professor and taught ways to improve education for young children. In 1893, she wrote a book with her sister called Song Stories for the Kindergarten. One of these songs was called “Good Morning to All”. While you may not know the words, you will certainly recognize the tune – it is used for the song “Happy Birthday to You”.

We hope that you have a harmonious day! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.

Bonus Facts:
Patty Smith Hill started work as a kindergarten teacher, but eventually became the director of the Louisville Free Kindergarten Association. Later, she became part of the faculty at the Columbia University Teachers College where she taught for 30 years.

Patty Smith Hill developed a large set of blocks used in kindergarten. They came to be known as “Patty Hill Blocks”. Children could build structures they could interact with. The large blocks were easy for children to use and encouraged children to play cooperatively.

Patty Smith Hill’s sister was Mildred J. Hill.

Joseph Campbell

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Did you know that Joseph Campbell was born today in 1904? He was an American mythologist. Joseph Campbell studied and compared stories and mythologies from all over the world. In his best-known work, The Hero with a Thousand Faces, he presented the idea that the stories of heroes from mythologies all over the world shared a common plot and journey. In their stories, heroes faced certain types of challenges and met or received help or opposition from certain kinds of characters. Joseph Campbell’s ideas influenced writers and even film directors such as George Lucas when he created Star Wars.

We hope that your academic journey today is filled with new ideas and knowledge! Remember to think kind thoughts, use kind words, and do kind things. We Love You.

Bonus Facts:
Initially, Joseph Campbell studied biology and mathematics in university before switching to earn a degree in humanities.

During the Great Depression, Joseph Campbell lived in a shack near Woodstock, New York. He split his time in to 4, 4-hour periods each day. He would read and study for 3 of each of the 4-hour slots. He followed this schedule for nearly 5 years.

Other writers or artists influenced by Joseph Campbell’s ideas include Richard Adams, Dan Brown, Bob Dylan, and Christopher Vogler.